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Dowel Pins Unhardened - ISO 2338 / EN 22 338 / IS 2393 / DIN 7

Dowel pins are essential components used in various industries and applications to provide precise alignment and secure assembly of machine parts. ISO 2338 and DIN 7 are widely recognized standards that specify the dimensions and tolerances for unhardened dowel pins.

  1. Characteristics:

Unhardened Dowel Pins, or Dowel Pins Soft as they are generally called, are cylindrical pins typically made of low-carbon steel or stainless steel. Unlike hardened dowel pins, these pins undergo minimal or no heat treatment, resulting in a softer material. As a result, unhardened dowel pins are not as resistant to wear and shear forces as their hardened counter parts but offer advantages in terms of machinability and flexibility.

  1. Dimensions and Tolerances:

Dowel Pins Unhardened ISO 2338 or DIN 7 conform to specific dimensional standards to ensure compatibility and interchangeability. The dimensions specified in these standards include:

   – Diameter: Unhardened dowel pins are available in various standard diameters, typically ranging from 1 mm to 25 mm.

   – Length: The length of dowel pins varies based on the specific application requirements. Common lengths can range from 5 mm to 150 mm.

   – Chamfer: Dowel pins generally have a chamfer on one or both ends to facilitate insertion and alignment during assembly. The chamfer angle (15-25 degree) and length are typically specified in the ISO or DIN 7 standards.

  1. Applications:

Dowel pins are adaptable parts that are used in many different applications to secure and align parts in assemblies and machines. Dowel pins made of softer materials or without specific hardening treatments are frequently used in unhardened applications where extreme durability and wear resistance may not be critical. Dowel Pins Unhardened DIN 7 find applications in various industries, including automotive, aerospace, machinery, textile and electronics. Some common applications include:

   – Alignment and Assembly: Dowel pins are used to accurately align and assemble components such as gears, shafts, and housings.

   – Fixtures and Jigs: Dowel pins are also utilized in fixtures and jigs. They provide repeatable and accurate location points.

   – Replacement Parts: These dowel pins are commonly used as replacement components for worn-out or damaged pins in machinery and equipment.

To sum up, the selection of dowel pins for unhardened applications is determined by taking into account the application’s specific requirements, cost, and ease of machining. Even though they might not be as strong and resistant to wear as hardened dowel pins, they are still very important for maintaining correct alignment and securing parts in a variety of machines and assemblies.

  1. Installation and Considerations:

   When using Dowel Pins Unhardened DIN 7, several factors should be considered:

   – Insertion: Dowel pins should be inserted with care to prevent any damage to the pin or the receiving hole. Appropriate tools such as arbor presses or dowel pin extractors can be used for insertion and removal.

   – Material Compatibility: Since unhardened dowel pins have lower strength compared to their hardened counterparts, it is crucial to consider the material and loads involved in the assembly. The use of hardened dowel pins or alternative fastening methods may be necessary in high-stress applications.

   – Surface Finish: The surface finish of dowel pins should be smooth and free from defects to ensure proper fit and alignment.

By understanding their characteristics, dimensions, and proper usage, engineers and manufacturers can effectively utilize these dowel pins to achieve precise alignment and secure assembly of machine components.

Steel Hardness Conversion Table

This table shows approximate hardness of steel using Brinell, Rockwell B and C and Vickers scales. These conversion charts are provided for guidance only as each scales uses different methods of measuring hardness.

Steel Hardness conversion calculator
Brinell Hardness HB Rockwell C - HRC Rockwell B - HRB Vickers - HV  
Enter a figure into any of the fields and click calculate, the nearest values in each scale is shown, or zero if out of range. Values are approximate and for guidance only.

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We are an ISO 9001 Certified & reputed manufacturer of Industrial Pins with expertise gleaned over 40 years. We manufacturers these pins according to various standards namely ISO, IS, DIN, BS and also as per customers requirements.